前些天,为了解答一个问题,就去研究了Laravel的源码,讲讲我的收获:
这个是问题源:
http://segmentfault.com/q/1010000003776645?_ea=365137

本文讲的Laravel全部使用5.1版本。

我们首先看Laravel是如何创建Session组件的。
首先我们可以看见在Kernel.php中注册了StartSession这个类(这里不去讨论Laravel的DI和IoC),看下这个类是如何使用的。

Session Start

我们在这个类中的handle方法看到如下代码

public function handle($request, Closure $next)
{
    $this->sessionHandled = true;

    // If a session driver has been configured, we will need to start the session here
    // so that the data is ready for an application. Note that the Laravel sessions
    // do not make use of PHP "native" sessions in any way since they are crappy.
    if ($this->sessionConfigured()) {
        $session = $this->startSession($request);

        $request->setSession($session);
    }

    $response = $next($request);

    // Again, if the session has been configured we will need to close out the session
    // so that the attributes may be persisted to some storage medium. We will also
    // add the session identifier cookie to the application response headers now.
    if ($this->sessionConfigured()) {
        $this->storeCurrentUrl($request, $session);

        $this->collectGarbage($session);

        $this->addCookieToResponse($response, $session);
    }

    return $response;
}

OK,一个典型的过滤器,在这个StartSession中获取Session的方法是getSession

Get Session

它使用了Laravel注入的SessionManager 这个类的完整限定名是:\Illuminate\Session\SessionManager

/**
 * Start the session for the given request.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
 * @return \Illuminate\Session\SessionInterface
 */
protected function startSession(Request $request)
{
    with($session = $this->getSession($request))->setRequestOnHandler($request);

    $session->start();

    return $session;
}

/**
 * Get the session implementation from the manager.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
 * @return \Illuminate\Session\SessionInterface
 */
public function getSession(Request $request)
{
    $session = $this->manager->driver();
    $session->setId($request->cookies->get($session->getName()));

    return $session;
}

我们在这个函数中看到,它调用了SessionManagerdrive方法,drive方法是SessionManager的父类Manager中定义的,看到它的实现是这样的

/**
 * Get a driver instance.
 *
 * @param  string  $driver
 * @return mixed
 */
public function driver($driver = null)
{
    $driver = $driver ?: $this->getDefaultDriver();

    // If the given driver has not been created before, we will create the instances
    // here and cache it so we can return it next time very quickly. If there is
    // already a driver created by this name, we'll just return that instance.
    if (! isset($this->drivers[$driver])) {
        $this->drivers[$driver] = $this->createDriver($driver);
    }

    return $this->drivers[$driver];
}

/**
 * Create a new driver instance.
 *
 * @param  string  $driver
 * @return mixed
 *
 * @throws \InvalidArgumentException
 */
protected function createDriver($driver)
{
    $method = 'create'.ucfirst($driver).'Driver';

    // We'll check to see if a creator method exists for the given driver. If not we
    // will check for a custom driver creator, which allows developers to create
    // drivers using their own customized driver creator Closure to create it.
    if (isset($this->customCreators[$driver])) {
        return $this->callCustomCreator($driver);
    } elseif (method_exists($this, $method)) {
        return $this->$method();
    }

    throw new InvalidArgumentException("Driver [$driver] not supported.");
}

也就是调用getDefaultDriver方法

/**
 * Get the default session driver name.
 *
 * @return string
 */
public function getDefaultDriver()
{
    return $this->app['config']['session.driver'];
}

这里就是我们在app/config/session.php中定义的driver字段,获取这个字段后,我们可以从createDriver的源码看到,它实际上是调用createXXXXDriver的方式获取到driver的。

OK,我们看下最简单的File,也就是createFileDriver

/**
 * Create an instance of the file session driver.
 *
 * @return \Illuminate\Session\Store
 */
protected function createFileDriver()
{
    return $this->createNativeDriver();
}

/**
 * Create an instance of the file session driver.
 *
 * @return \Illuminate\Session\Store
 */
protected function createNativeDriver()
{
    $path = $this->app['config']['session.files'];

    return $this->buildSession(new FileSessionHandler($this->app['files'], $path));
}

/**
 * Build the session instance.
 *
 * @param  \SessionHandlerInterface  $handler
 * @return \Illuminate\Session\Store
 */
protected function buildSession($handler)
{
    if ($this->app['config']['session.encrypt']) {
        return new EncryptedStore(
            $this->app['config']['session.cookie'], $handler, $this->app['encrypter']
        );
    } else {
        return new Store($this->app['config']['session.cookie'], $handler);
    }
}

这个Store就是我们Session的实体了,它的具体读写调用使用抽象的Handler进行,也就是说如果是读文件,就new FileHandler如果是Redis就是new RedisHandler实现readwrite即可。

Session ID

回到StartSession 这个类,我们再看getSession这个方法

 $session->setId($request->cookies->get($session->getName()));

了解Web的人都应该知道,session是根据cookie中存的key来区分不同的会话的,所以sessionId尤为重要,这里我们先不关心Cookie是如何读取,我们知道在这里读取了cookie中存放的SessionId就够了。

接下去看怎么加载数据

Data

依然是StartSession这个类,
我们看startSession这个方法,下一句调用的就是$session->start();,这句话是干嘛呢?经过前面的分析,我们知道$session已经是Store对象了,那么它的start方法如下:

public function start()
{
    $this->loadSession();

    if (! $this->has('_token')) {
        $this->regenerateToken();
    }

    return $this->started = true;
}

/**
 * Load the session data from the handler.
 *
 * @return void
 */
protected function loadSession()
{
    $this->attributes = array_merge($this->attributes, $this->readFromHandler());

    foreach (array_merge($this->bags, [$this->metaBag]) as $bag) {
        $this->initializeLocalBag($bag);

        $bag->initialize($this->bagData[$bag->getStorageKey()]);
    }
}

 /**
 * Read the session data from the handler.
 *
 * @return array
 */
protected function readFromHandler()
{
    $data = $this->handler->read($this->getId());

    if ($data) {
        $data = @unserialize($this->prepareForUnserialize($data));

        if ($data !== false && $data !== null && is_array($data)) {
            return $data;
        }
    }

    return [];
}

依次调用了loadSessionreadFromHandler 好,可以看到从handler中调用了read方法,这个方法就是从我们之前定义的各种handler中读取数据了,它是个抽象方法,在子类中具体实现,然后返回给Store(存入到Store中的attributes数组中去了,到此为止,Session的初始化方法都结束了,

public function get($name, $default = null)
{
    return Arr::get($this->attributes, $name, $default);
}

这个函数去读取Session中的数据了。

Summary

OK,Session整个初始化的过程总结下:

StartSession#handle -> StartSession#startSession -> StartSession#getSession -> SessionManager#getDefaultDriver -> SessionManager#createXXXHandler -> Store -> Store#setId -> Store#startSession

Laravel巧妙的使用了面向对象的接口方式,为我们提供了各种各样不同的存储方式,一旦我们了解了存储方式和加密规则,让不同的web容器进行Session共享的目的也可以达到~

标签: php

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